FAIL (the browser should render some flash content, not this).

Bleeding in late pregnancy

Most common reasons for bleeding are bleeding associated with onset of labour, contractions and opening of the cervix, bleeding caused by recent pelvic examination post-coital bleeding, cervical polyp, trauma, vaginitis, placenta praevia and premature detachment of the placenta. A careful history is important. Avoid bimanual examination; only carry out a speculum examination if necessary. Check the state of the foetus: verify the presence of heart sounds either with a Doppler or an ultrasound. If the bleeding is heavy, insert an intravenous cannula and promptly send the patient by ambulance, accompanied by an escort, to a hospital.


In order to proceed further, you need to have an account on IDG.
Create a new account now

Registered users, you can login below to access this page.